Nanotechnology and sciences is nurturing research to an extent unimaginable. The term stated as a fashion is now a criteria deciding the world’s economy in terms of research and development. Applications of this field are seen in every arena such as medicine, engineering, biotechnology etc. The studied bloomed in Japan and is now taking its roots all over the developing nations. In this article, we have collectively researched literature which focusses primarily on the processes employed in synthesizing the nanoparticles giving birth to the entire nanostructure. We are also looking into the survey carried based on the applications and the research unexplored.