In recent years, basketball has become more and more popular in China. The amateur players have improved; so have the professional ones, which are just like the pyramidgreat foundation produces a higher point-so basketball is thriving among people in China. However, the mechanism of Chinese basketball fails to select talents for, in schools of sports, height and physical fitness-regardless of tactics, basketball IQ and sportsmanshipis the only standard for talents selection. In addition, students in elementary and middle school play basketball much but just play without guidance, which means that the basketball talents in these schools can hardly get the chance to play pro or semi-pro. This paper, focusing on basketball coach, player, fans, training time and fees as well as competition rules, reviews the previous researches, carries a survey in the form of interviewing or questionnaire, collects the data and analyzes the current problems in the organization, training system, competition system of Chinese basketball, thus making it possible for the optimization basketball system. In the end of the paper, the author puts forward a structure design for competition system which helps the optimization of basketball training and competition.