Residential construction and design in cold area should maintain a high level of adaptability with the climate features in that region, which can meet the peopleÂs practical needs to live. This article that effectively combines the sunlight characteristics researches on the requirements of location selection for building the house in the cold area, and explores design process and standpoint of residential layout. Through the study on above two aspects, the dwelling in the chill region can achieve the ultimate goal of effective energy-saving. In this dissertation, Beijing and Yantai city are taken as an example, through effective analysis of sunshine intensity and then establishing long range of the housing construction, it makes the paper more scientific and instructive. From the point of view of this essay, planning layout and residential space as the body of the cold primer residential energy-saving construction, rely on the powerful terrain conditions, combined with its climate characteristics and natural environment, to make it have positive effects on reducing the wind from heat loss of residential building, and hence to achieve the ultimate goal of this article research. This research thought is the main line studied in this paper, which makes the closeness of expounding the viewpoints enough to be fully guaranteed.