This study, based on the current sports risk management in primary and middle schools, performs corresponding analysis on the current sports risk management pattern in primary and middle schools. It is concluded that, for primary and middle schools especially those in Xinjiang, the primary measures for risk management is to identify the risk factors, including personnel factor, space and equipment factors, and the characteristics of sports activities in the province. Then, in accordance with the risk factors existing in the sports activities in middle and primary schools, this study performs risk assessment and evaluation on various risk factors in sports activities in Xinjiang middle and primary schools. And, according to the types, characteristics and natures of risks, proposes a series of effective solution strategies to shift risk, retain risk, reduce risk, avoid risk. It aims to prevent students from harm or reduce the damage as far as possible, to improve the risk management pattern in sports activities in the middle and primary schools, and ensure safe and effective sports activities in middle and primary schools in our country.