With the ongoing development of the Internet technology, the information technology and the contemporary educational technology, education has been witnessing the transition from on-site classes to digital online classes. Contemporary distance education has been one of the essential tools for providing a platform for lifelong learning; also, it offers various learning resources for learners as well as a great monitoring platform for the teachers. Moodle, integrating the advanced technology of contemporary education, comes into being under the great needs for digitalized education; it reflect the ideal and belief of contemporary education and can help to support various ways of teaching, promote design of classroom activities, as well as improve teaching efficiency and evaluation, so, it contributes to the change of ideal and belief of contemporary education. As a general course open to all students in normal universities, Modern Education Technology is of pivotal importance to help students pick up educational ideals and concepts as well as educational modes. Based on the present situation in the course Modern Education Technology, this paper analyzes the researches of Moodle-based course design by latest specialists and scholars and builds up a design model for Moodle-based course Modern Education Technology; the author specially design the learning environment and teaching resources for students so as to improve the teaching efficiency of course Modern Education Technology with Moodle.