Aqua pollution is one of the major global threats. Untreated industrial effluent discharged into ecosystems pose a serious problem to the aqua living organism, plants and human beings. Among pollution causing Industries, textile industry accomplish a major attention by environmentalists due to consumption of large volume of water, dyes and chemicals for various processing of textiles. Textile effluents contain carcinogenic aromatic amines, dyes, organic and inorganic materials.Azo, anthro quinone and triphenyl methane dyes are the major classes of synthetic colorants, which are difficult to degrade and have received considerable attention. Nevertheless, during the last few years it has been demonstrated that several fungi, under certain environmental conditions, are able to transfer azo dyes to non toxic products. Removal of colored compounds from textile industry effluents by physic co - chemical and biological methods is currently available.