The joint efforts of many countries in the world finally stabilized the overall situation in the second quarter of 2009 and since then the earth has stepped into the "post-crisis era". However, the impact caused by financial crisis hasnÂt completely disappeared yet. In such general background, training qualified financial talents poses new challenges to financial mathematics. This paper discusses the current situation of China's economic development in the post-crisis era, points out the existing problems of financial teaching in our colleges and universities as well as proposes are proposed paths of financial teaching and innovation from teaching mode, talents training mode and construction of teaching staff. It is aimed at improving the quality of financial teaching and training high-quality comprehensive financial talents who adapt to the requirements proposed by world and the development of China's financial industry.