There is inevitable relation between Industrial development and environment. From aspect of environmental impairment losses, If environment value that people enjoy in process of industrial development is certain, and industrial development is not too fast, the environment value people enjoy will fall. In the process of welfare change will generate decreases tend, while compensation value people demand will be increased. This is the negative effect that industrial development does to the environment produces during process. This paper combines with CVM questionnaire survey to study the process, making the data in the process of study have certain objectivity, meanwhile, it can fully reflect people's cognitive attitude to environmental impairment loss under background of industrial development.