In this paper, sprint athletic performance can be volatile and it is difficult to quantify the real strength of the athletes. After the studies and longterm practice, the traditional research methods have been improved and more scientific and reasonable evaluation index system of sprint athletic ability has been established.According toAHP, we establish quantitative model; using Matlab, we solve a large number of matrix calculation problems in the AHP model. At the mean time of satisfying the high precision and efficiency, the model can be easily modified and adjusted. Finally, after the empirical evaluation, the results are scientific, reasonable and can be effectively solve the overall quantification problem of the comprehensive strength of sprinters. This achievement has a high application value for the design of the targeted training programs to improve sprint performance.