Nature of the soil is very important for plant growth and crop yield. The impact of hydrocarbon industrial wastes on soil physico-chemical and biological properties was assessed in the present study. Contamination of hydrocarbon industrial waste on to the soil caused changes in physicochemical and biological properties except water holding capacity, sand, Potassium and Organic carbon. The remaining all other physico-chemical properties are lower than control. Higher bacterial and fungal populations were observed in the contaminated soil than control.