In this study, the current situation in Turkey was examined and change values of cotton production, consumption, cultivation, yield, exports, imports over the years were determined. The time-series analysis was used to determine the direction of changes. Additionally, in order to determine the current status of the cotton sector in Turkey the index values were calculated in terms of several criteria. For enhancing the competitiveness and the development of the sector, SWOT analysis (SWOT) Strengths-Weaknesses-Opportunities-Threats analysis is used to determine aspects of current and potential of the sector. In the study, according to the projection following findings has been reached, in 2015 cotton production amount cannot afford the consumption amount, imports will increase and becoming dependent on foreign economy completely.According to these results, the new regulations shall be determined in supporting policies to increase cotton production.