Economic globalization has an significant influence on the world economy. Transnational investments become more and more frequent, to bring opportunities and risks. Now it is very common for multinational investment, so do Chinese mining enterprises. Transnational investment can bring a great amount of profit, but also contains huge risk, if enterprises could not control and avoid the risk effectively, enterprises maybe suffer big losses. At present, Chinese mining enterprises are insufficient to supervise and prevent the transnational investment risk, but not strong, but are addicted to invest, which are faced the special investment risk. The mining enterprises in our country in our country, which have the capacity of investment,are essential to own the risk prevention.Based on the characteristics of China's mining industry, this paper analyze the risk sources and paths of multinational investment to identify the risks, establish risk prevention database, and ultimately provide the methods to prevent risk. This preventive methods have industry particularity to be as reference in this industry.