Bioremediation is an alternative way to manage or to degrade the waste. It is eco friendly and much cost effective as compared to other traditional technique such as incineration. The main purpose of this paper is to pay more attention towards bioremediation. This paper outlines the different processes of bioremediation, their limitation and the process to remove different heavy metals, and other waste which is harmful to human beings. When metals are treated with microbes it get accumulated or attached on microbialmembrane.And after that it can be extract frommicrobes through cell fragmentation.