Abstract

Analysis framework of international competitiveness of the agriculture by combining comparative advantage and competitive advantage

Author(s): Liu Chunxiang, Zhu Liyuan, Xu Ling

Under the international market with imperfect competitiveness, the comparative advantage of Chinese agricultural products is being weakened. Therefore, it is necessary to focus on improving the international competitiveness of the agriculture. So far, there are little theories combining comparative advantage and competitive advantage to deepen exploration for international competitiveness of the agriculture. Based on it, this paper establishes the analysis framework of international competitiveness of the agriculture to integrate the comparative advantage theory and the competitive advantage theory for studies on the origin of the international competitiveness of the agriculture. It demonstrates that the direct origin of the international competitiveness of the agriculture is the comparative advantage of agricultural products, the decisive factor of the international competitiveness of the agriculture is innovation of agricultural technology and adjustment of agricultural structure, and the influence factors of the international competitiveness of the agriculture include government support for the agriculture, agricultural labour’s quality, natural resources, opportunities, etc. At last, this paper proposes feasibility measures for improving the international competitiveness of Chinese agriculture, such as strengthen advantageous products and enhance government support to the agriculture.


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